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小学1-6年级英语知识点大全(最全)

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发表于 2020-8-27 17:58:44 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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4 X, O4 [; S- }. k+ N( v 小学阶段必备的英语语法知识点,时态,句型,常用词大全,你需要的都在这儿了,多读几遍,记在脑子里哦!) G! Y9 b0 t/ k* t7 c9 h: N
! R% R; L4 F" L) c: d
56e32d0ec906d51b06b2ca97fd85e6a4.jpg ) Y& F0 @4 G' n
1现在进行时) v# t$ x* Y- O: L
表示正在发生的事情或进行的动作,常与now,listen,look等词连用,结构是主语+be动词(am, is, are)+动词ing.+ \: U8 t/ d1 d* l: ^
如:It is raining now.
# J; S& B) t& p6 }& h2 M+ c5 a8 |外面正在下雨It is six o’clock now.现在6点了My parents are reading newspapers in the sitting room.我父母正在客厅看报纸Look! The children are having a running race now.看!孩子们正在赛跑问句将be动词移前,否定句在be动词后+not.6 \1 X; ?" G. |  \$ R( O- ?
2一般现在时" e' K( w8 M+ U+ @
表示经常反复发生的事情或动作,常与often, usually, sometimes, always, every day(week year…) on Sundays等词连用。& ?$ T2 o0 Q! G; m5 W
结构是主语+动词原形;当主语为第三人称单数即he,she, it, Tom, my mother, the boy等词时,动词后加s或es.如:We have an English lesson every day.
$ [% j, P: _6 _" y1 G我们每天都要上英语课Do the boys run faster than the girls? Yes, they do.男孩比女孩跑的快吗?是的问句借助于do, does否定句借助于don’t, doesn’t,后面动词一定要还原。0 G6 s! {& P; m. I9 R1 `
3一般过去时' j+ m+ ^5 k5 E- `. j1 l, }
表示发生在过去的事情或存在的状态,常与just now; a moment ago; … ago; yesterday; last ( week; month; year; Monday; weekend); this morning等词连用。! z0 e5 Q0 }. L$ H# k$ A
结构是主语+be动词的过去式(was; were)或主语+动词的过去式。注意:be动词与动词过去式不可同时使用。如:My earphones were on the ground just now.我的耳机刚刚还在呢。Where were you last week? I was at a camp.你上个星期去哪了?我去野营了What did you do yesterday? I visited a farm你昨天去干嘛了?我去参观农场了。问句有be动词将be动词移前,没有be动词借助于did,后面动词还原;否定句有be动词在后面加not,没有借助于didn't后面动词还原。: O# ?; J( _% G3 w
4一般将来时- Q" e4 z% f, @; u0 w; B& f; E
表示将要打算发生的事情或动作,常与tomorrow, next week(year; Tuesday…), this week( weekend ;evening; afternoon;…)today等词连用。结构是主语+be(am, is, are) going to + 动原或主语+will +动原。
. h! f3 p: D- {, J3 M% A2 A如:What are you going to do tomorrow? I am going to have a picnic.你明天要去干嘛?我要去野餐。The childre are going to have a sports meeting next week.孩子们下个星期将参加运动会。Tom will/is going to see a play with his father this evening.Tom今晚将和父母去看演出。问句将be动词或will移前;否定句在be动词或will后加not.  `4 \& i7 `' J1 z5 z
5情态动词
; b5 }0 D+ d# Y$ Mcan; can’t; should; shouldn’t; must; may后一定加动词原形。2 m  c6 o9 l! ^$ Q
如:The girl can’t swim, but she can skate.女孩不会游泳,但是会滑冰Don’t talk in class, you should listen to the teacher carefully.不要再课上说话,你应该认真听老师讲。7 u& y) `$ b, E( _( D' f
6祈使句4 c" o( s2 X; z( M, \% p
肯定祈使句以动词原形开头;否定祈使句以don’t加动词原形开头。+ D6 g% m; \/ u! ^
如:Open the box for me ,please.请为我打开盒子。Liu Tao! Please get up earlier tomorrow.刘涛,明天请早点起床!Don’t walk on the grass!不要在草地上走!Helen! Don’t climb the tree,please.海伦!不要爬树。
9 ^! j! m; r. ~$ g% i* U+ s/ d7go的用法+ @% w% B. J5 |: X. f
去干嘛用go +动词ing
8 v4 B3 h" _0 H& {% `2 o如: go swimming; go fishing;go skating;go camping;go running;go skiing;go rowing…
" E  H' I  R0 n+ {8比较
9 w" M$ Q. ^% ^5 I; y6 Zthan 前用比较级;as…as之间用原级。
/ n# |+ }/ v/ F! S如:My mother is two years younger than my father.我妈比我爸年轻两岁。Liu Tao jumps as far as Ben.刘涛跳得和本一样远。0 m" C7 \/ k0 w$ a
9喜欢做某事1 ?3 M0 h  e* d5 M% b6 v! Y9 F2 _
用like +动词ing或like+ to + 动原。% i6 ]1 j) u4 M$ A7 V
如: Su Yang likes growing flowers.苏阳喜欢种。The children like to play with lanterns at Spring Festival.孩子们喜欢在春节去玩花灯。
% `- O  H+ [' H% s( y10想要做某事* o, d/ A* Q# }7 M9 O4 _% k9 K
用 would like +to+动原或want + to +动原。' p8 y7 e( N5 `" h% t
例:I’d like to visit the History Museum.=I want to visit the History Museum
9 n; x% G% K5 @0 k5 A. }* i6 w% O11some
- v7 L- X, `1 V9 @用于肯定句中,在否定句和问句中改为any,但当表示委婉语气时仍用
* k; W( Y' c6 ]  A0 A如:Can I have some writing paper? Would you like some orange juice?
$ R0 F- t, x, p8 q! C9 W8 b2 M, w12代词
. Q3 N6 g1 R1 K0 u人称代词主格做主语用一般放在句首或动词前,主格分别是 I you he she it we you they。
3 q% U, f4 ~- ]4 T* J宾格做宾语用,一般放在动词或介词后" v! S; m, ^6 X0 _4 i
如:Open them for me. Let us …, join me等。
7 [  B2 l" v8 k0 N宾格分别是me you him her it us you them。形容词性物主代词放在名词前,不能单独使用,分别是my your his her its our your their名词性物主代词相当于形物加名词,它只能单独使用后面不好加名词,分别是mine yours his hers its ours yours theirs。
: ]3 [7 J3 w9 ?" Q4 W13介词
' {- R/ Y# Q8 }0 w- u+ ^8 J介词后要么不加动词,加动词只能加动词ing形式( y/ p/ \! j5 g3 `
如:be good at running;do well in jumping;: o, e1 \  R  H% j
14时间介词
" ^% ^7 p, s: o' B季节前,月份前用介词in
% |. {2 {* H7 g0 E* I如:in summer;in March具体的哪一天如星期几,几月几日用介词on如:on Saturday; on the second of April; on Wednesday morning在几点钟前用介词at如: at a quarter to four;只在上下午晚上用in如:in the morning/ afternoon/ evening;但在夜间用at night。另:季节,月份和星期前不好加the.& D0 ]: z8 r4 |8 _+ |: Y# ]5 h
15名词复数构成的方法
7 U- u! H6 ]2 S7 Z' k+ P8 W6 G& S有规则的有:4 ?5 [  ?  z2 }: K
(1)直接在名词后加s如orange—oranges; photo—photos;(2) 以x, s, sh, ch 结尾的加es如:box—boxes; glass—glasses; waitress—waitresses; watch—watches;peach--peaches(3) 以辅音字母加y结尾的改y为i加es如:study—studies;library—libraries; hobby—hobbies; family—families;(4)以f, fe结尾的改f, fe 为v+es如:knife—knives; thief—thieves(注:以o结尾的我们学过的只有mango加es, mango—mangoes其余加s,)不规则的有:man—men; woman—women; people—people; child—children
- S4 z+ y7 Z. ^6 L16动词第三人称单数的构成8 v% ~0 }4 L2 B1 r5 ~
(1)直接在动词后加s+ b' @0 c* k3 l. u9 u/ a! K5 @: t
如:run—runs; dance—dances(2)以s,sh,ch,o结尾的加es如:do—does;go—goes;wash—washes;catch—catches(3)以辅音字母加y结尾的改y为i加es如:study—studies; carry—carries;
( Q6 G# d/ g4 _5 k) N" x17现在分词的构成& J; U; F/ _0 ^
(1)直接在动词后加ing) l. a* d' p' [" y9 S
如:sing—singing; ski—skiing;(2)双写词尾加ing如:swim—swimming; jog—jogging;run—running;(3)以不发音的e结尾的去e加ing如:ride—riding; dance—dancing; make—making;( F8 H, V! j' ~* e( L
18规则动词过去式的构成" Y! e- I" m4 |- L. a# S! K: z
(1)直接在动词后加ed
1 E# U1 Y# h. r3 \5 A! y* F! i如:clean—cleaned; milk—milked; play—played;(2)以e结尾的直接加d% y! }) w; U# y2 [; c% L" ~
如:dance—danced; taste—tasted;(3) 以辅音字母加y结尾的改y为i加ed如:study—studied;carry—carried;(4)双写词尾加ed如:stop—stopped; jog—jogged;不规则的有:am,is—was; are—were; do,does—did; have,has—had; go—went; meet—met; sit—sat; see—saw; get—got; tell—told; run—ran; come—came; steal—stole; read—read;4 \' V7 w5 H/ k& A2 _6 D
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19形容词副词比较级的构成
5 e: [3 y+ l2 v, X, }5 @6 }. b规则的:& u: u9 z$ g  Q
(1)直接在形容词或副词后加er如;small—smaller; low—lower;(2)以e结尾的加r
! q: }( t2 S+ K! ^如:late—larer;(3)双写词尾加er如:big—bigger; thin—thinner; fat—fatter;(4) 以辅音字母加y结尾的改y为i加er如:heavy—heavier; early—earlier;不规则的有:
  _' s4 n! I' J# x) [good, well—better(最高级为best); many, much--- more(最高级为most); far---farther;! z, T2 w! X# ~: _. u3 }
20rain与snow的用法( h% m  z) O8 A, p
(1)作为名词意思是雨水和雪是不可数名词如:There is a lot of rain there in spring. 那儿的春天有很多雨水。. H" w/ z( u9 Z! l% ]% w' B% T5 _
(2) 作为动词意思是下雨和下雪,有四种形式分别是:动词原形rain, snow;第三人称单数rains ,snows;现在分词raining; snowing过去式rained; snowed;如:①Look! It is raining now. 瞧!天正在下雨。②It often rains in Nantong in summer.南通夏天经常下雨。③ It rained yesterday.昨天下了雨。④It is going to rain tomorrow. 明天要下雨。
" `3 ?( j0 c, |$ ~. y4 b. i) i(3)形容词为rainy 和snowy 意思是有雨的和有雪的如:It is often rainy here in spring.这儿的春天经常是有雨的。If it is rainy tomorrow, I’ll stay at home.如果明天是有雨的,我将呆在家里。% V0 P0 g. q) \; t( f1 i; [/ Z6 I) Y

2 K4 J6 I3 [; N2 k( @, U1 z  I 30cae200e0a53d7a371ea3f47e0b4432.jpg % I9 o( f0 m+ L" K7 l4 ?6 L' c
21比较级
! n( t% W' k  E5 n( g+ C注意只有同类事物才可进行比较。+ ]& b2 ~4 A% X% s
如:My eyes are bigger than hers.Your school bag is heavier than mine. My computer is nicer than Nancy’s. My brother is stronger than me.8 Z$ v9 k/ {& X( o3 T
22have, has2 _* u8 V. y% R* q( ^4 h7 {5 K
表示某人有(has用于第三人称单数);There is/ are;( a3 o% N- F% }, k
There was/ were 表示某地存在有注意There be 句型的就近原则单数或不可数用there is /was;复数用there are/ were.9 ~- J  \# ?+ Q0 M7 C
23本身就是复数的词: F2 D% f+ N# m4 e6 T, `% g
眼镜glasses; 耳机earphones; 鞋shoes;裤子trousers等词本身是复数。) R8 t6 k  V) ^: r; }- ?
如:My glasses were on the chair just now.但如果表示这双,这副,一双的时候用单数如:There is a pair of chopsticks on the plate. This pair of earphones is for you.# m1 _: v/ o& r0 |: X# \% l
24五个元音字母分别是Aa, Ee, Ii, Oo, Uu;: r3 v. h) F. b% [1 z. w, `! u

3 J# ^& G1 v- @' B25一个的用法
$ A$ R+ f$ e. s' Z- \2 Aa用于辅音前不是辅音字母前;an 用于元音前不是元音字母前。9 G8 c0 Q" W6 U6 t2 |
如:There is an ’s’, a ‘t’, a ‘u’, a ‘d’ ,an ‘e’, an ‘n’,and a ‘t’ in the word ‘student’.9 ]1 _. W1 w' h0 D+ \$ h
26时间表示法
0 X* E! O0 I& r9 s有两种:
: A, D- I) f3 X" q& h4 a/ ?(1)直接读时钟和分钟。如6:10读成 six ten; 7:30读成seven thirty; 8:45读成eight forty-five;(2)用to与past表示。在半小时包括半小时以内用几分past几点如:6:10读成ten past six; 7:30读成half past seven;过了半小时用下一个钟点差几分如7:45读成a quarter to eight; 9:50读成ten to ten;
- R. C# u/ ?+ H% I) X27基数词变序数词的方法; x# s, f. B: k& W0 J: w- ]
基变序有规律,结尾加上th; 一二三特殊例,结尾字母t、d(即first, second, third);
- l: U! C& ?' s; j, ~八去t, 九去e, ve要用f替(即eigh—eighth; nine—ninth; five-- fifth ;twelve—twelfth);ty改y为ie后加th别忘记(即整十数如twenty—twentieth;forty—fortieth);几十几十位为基个位为序(如第二十一为twenty-first)。另外强调序数词前一定要加the。3 N& x% N  N. V- k
28日期的表示法) J5 Q1 W$ h; e* z
用the+序数词+ of +月& B! y: B8 p  p8 X
如:三月三日 the third of March;12月25日 the 25th of December.
, j4 C; t3 k! |6 {/ i29both 表示两者都% s% x* H2 |, H( x0 W* j& v
如:My parents are both teachers.
/ W8 K% t5 U4 V2 Xall表示三者以上都# L6 H; s+ F6 [4 ]! D) @% v" q+ s
如:The students are all very excited.- n9 B3 Q1 V: l, ]# @) W
30节日的表示法
3 S$ w9 B  |, o" L有day的节日前用on.  U- W( w% ~6 |* S3 J& \8 q
没有day的节日前用at,如:at Christmas; on Christmas Day; at New Year; on New Year’s Day.
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e29617a51c021625c97ae7ad011b3cc4.jpg % E0 @9 g- F: {# C
31激动兴奋的
7 v! M2 v, f1 |5 `' Sexcited表示激动的,兴奋地主语是人;
7 A7 v: k- ?7 I( d$ j% {+ J8 uexciting表示令人激动的,令人兴奋的主语是事情如:The running race is very exciting, so all the students are very excited.赛跑非常令人激动,因此所有的学生都很激动。4 t/ g, z2 f6 }
32比较) N5 m- a7 F1 u8 Y9 s5 d3 p
两者比较用比较级,三者以上比较用最高级
" M. B: s' \. ^( I( K如:Who runs faster, the boy or the girl? The boy does谁跑得更快,男孩还是女孩?男孩。Which season do you like best? I like autumn best.你最喜欢哪个季节?我最喜欢秋天。Which season do you like better, summer or winter? I like winter better.你更喜欢哪个季节,夏天还是冬天?我更喜欢冬天。
" U# n4 M+ q0 U' u+ A" E5 j33动词还原的用法
# l) G  E/ \4 ?  J+ v3 N/ k前面用了do, does did, don’t, doesn’t didn’t后面动词要还原。
5 [: D  X( L! g; m0 b7 c7 V如:Did she watch TV last night?Helen doesn’t like taking photos.6 z7 T9 g+ M1 O" J+ r9 }8 F
34到了; j5 O1 ?" ?* `1 I. n
到达用get to3 \! t/ j* o0 P' Y+ ?# I0 B. t
但注意到家,到这儿,到那儿不可以加to如:get home; get here; get there,另外go home; come here; go there也一样。0 C( n  \4 N5 f" S
35长着和穿着
6 R- k& v; v7 a+ G长着什么用with
. O- M6 e' v7 ~1 b* ?. c- Q如:the girl with big eyes 大眼睛的女孩;穿着什么用in如:the man in black穿黑衣服的男人或:the woman in the white skirt 穿白色短裙的妇女
7 F) s- S2 \3 R" v$ z/ g/ [2 I; B) |36让某人做某事
; u( T/ u8 [& m& {+ p3 g5 }! M用let sb后加动词原形
' _6 d! A* y2 `" f) H4 P如:Let’s water the flowers together.是该做…的时候了用It’s time for+名词或It’s time to +动原。帮助某人做某事是help sb with sth如:帮我学英语是 help me with my English9 t) e( Y) c" s# a) M$ k$ g7 U: Z' U
37树上) [# t: `3 I7 R. s7 s& t
外来的东西在树上用in the tree
( g7 R" W3 \0 g6 Z如:the bird in the tree;树上长的用on the tree如:the apples on the tree
( Q7 u- N* b  r; B38运动和乐器( e! _7 l7 l7 P- K( h8 G
球类之前不加the;2 h) B4 y& n, u% a2 m4 w3 W
乐器之前必须加the如:play the piano; play football
+ V' }+ z) [- j, N; a0 l- |! b: z39一周中的第一天是Sunday; 一年中的第一个月是January
; ~% u) m: S* x; W* l* J40get后加比较级表示变得更怎么样 。如:get stronger; get longer
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END -# x9 Y% l( v. ?. n# W& W
▍综合整理:小学英语▍编辑:小白标签:书写规范   字母" E+ P" f9 r0 {# a) D
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