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七年级英语下册Unit12Whatdidyoudolastweekend短语语法知识点汇总新版人教

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发表于 2020-7-7 16:26:45 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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七年级,英语,下册,Unit12Whatdidyoudolastweekend,Unit,Unit 12 What did you do last weekend
一、基础归纳
重点短语
1.上周末
last weekend
2.做作业
do one’s homework
3.看电影
go to the cinema
4.去划船
go boating
5. 在湖边露营
camp by the lake
6.去海滩
go to the beach
7.打羽毛球
play badminton
8.在周六的早上
on Saturday morning
9.为了考试学习  
study for a test
10. 做一个导游工作
work as a guide
11.告诉某人关于…
tell sb about …
12.超过,多于
over=more than
13.生活习惯
living habits
14.有点儿累
be kind of tired
15. 熬夜
stay up
16.和某人玩
play with sb.
17.丢东西
lose things
18.跑开
run away
19.放风筝
fly a kite
20.作为一个特殊的礼物  
as a special gift
21.把某人带到某地
take sb. to sp.
22.去露营
go camping
23.搭建帐篷
put up the tents
24.生火   
make a fire
25. 使某人保持温暖
keep sb. warm
26. 在第一天晚上
on the first night
27.如此…以至于…
so...that...
28.去睡觉
go to sleep
29.看见某人正在做某事
see sb. doing sth.
30. 上蹦下跳
jump up and down
31 爬到某人背上
. climb onto one’s back
32. 大声喊叫
shout at/shout to
33.把...弄醒
wake …up
34.移入,爬进…中
move into…
35.有用的一课
a useful lesson
重点句型
1. What did you do last weekend。 Lucy?   
Lucy,你上周末做了什么。
2. Well, on Saturday, I played badminton.     
噢.周六我打羽毛球了。
3. Hi,Lisa, How was your weekend?
你好,Lisa,周末过得怎么样。

4.. Great, thanks.
好极了,谢谢。
5. I worked as a guide at the Natural History Museum.
我在自然历史博物馆当了一名导游。

6. They have a beautiful house with over 200 kinds of butterflies。
它们(指博物馆)有一个漂亮的房子里有200多种蝴蝶。
7. Did you have a good weekend?  
你周末过得愉快吗
8. Yeah, it was good, but I'm kind of tired now, I stayed up late to watch the soccer game.
愉快,但我现在有点累,我熬夜看足球赛了。
9. Where did she go last weekend?
她上周六去了什么地方。
10. She went to a farm.  
她去了 一家农场。
11. When did he lose them?  
他是什么吋候丢的钥匙。

12. I heard it was yesterday.  
我听说是咋天。
13. As a special gift, our parents took us toIndia.
作为一份特殊的礼物 我爸妈带肴我们去了印。

14. Well, son,that’s why it's important to learn a second language.
所以嘛,儿子 这就是为什么学习外语的重要性啦。

15. There we put up tents and made a fire to keep us warm and cook food on。

在那里我们架起帐蓬,生火取暖并做饭。

教材内容解析】
Section A
1. camped by the lake (P. 67)
camp此处用作动词,表示“扎营、搭帐篷”,常用的短语为:go camping“去野营”;camp out“野营、露营”。
Where did you camp last night?
They often go camping during summer holidays.
The students love camping out during summer holidays.
2. I worked as a guide at the Natural History Museum. (P. 68)
as此处用作介词,表示“作为、当作”,后接表示职业的名词。
He works as an actor.  As a student, you should study hard.
3. How interesting。
(P. 68)
how引导的感叹句的结构为“How+形容词/副词+主语+谓语”。
How beautiful the bird is。  How fast Mary runs。

【拓展】what引导的感叹句常用的结构有:“What+a/an+形容词+单数可数名词+主语+谓语”或者“What+形容词+可数名词复数/不可数名词+主语+谓语”。

What a beautiful flower。  What interesting books these are。  What heavy snow it is。
4. I told the visitors about them and their living habits. (P. 68)
tell sb. about sth.意为“告诉某人关于某事”。 Mary told me about her pet dog.
5. ...but I’m kind of tired now. (P. 68)
kind of表示“有点儿”,相当于a little。 She is kind of fat.
6. I stayed up late to watch the soccer game. (P. 68)
stay up意为“熬夜”,要表达“为……而熬夜”用stay up for sth.。

I stayed up late for my homework.
7. A family of mice were in the kitchen on Saturday morning when they saw a big cat. (P. 69)
family为集合名词,表示整体,指代家庭整体概念时,谓语动词用单数形式;表示个体,指代家庭成员时,谓语动词用复数形式。
The Green family are watching TV now.  The Green family is a big one.
8. ...that’s why it’s important to learn a second language. (P. 69)
That’s why...意为“那就是为什么……”,表示结果。

That’s why I didn’t come.  I got up late. That’s why I missed the bus.
Section B
1. flew a kite (P. 70)
fly此处用作及物动词,意为“放飞”。
My father helped me to fly the model plane.
2. Did you do anything interesting last weekend? (P. 70)
形容词修饰不定代词时,放在不定代词后边。
This isn’t anything important.
3. There we put up our tents and made a fire to keep us warm and cook food on. (P. 71)
(1) put up此处表示“搭建起”,还可以表示“张贴、举起、建造”。
Please put up your hand if you have any question.
You’d better put up a notice here.
They put up many buildings last year.
(2) make a fire意为“生火”。
He went back home and made a fire.
4. On the first night, we just sat under the moon and told each other stories.
each other意为“互相、彼此”,相当于one another,常用作宾语。
They helped each other.  We talked to each other.
5. But I was so tired that I went to sleep early. (P. 71)
so...that...意为“如此……以至于……”,so是副词,后接形容词和副词,that引导结果状语从句。
He is so young that he can’t look after himself.
The boy ran so fast that I couldn’t catch up with him.
6. The next morning, my sister and I got a terrible surprise. (P. 71)
the next morning表示“第二天早上”,以过去或者将来某个时间为起点的第二天早上;next morning表示“明天早上”,以现在为起点的第二天早上。
We started the next morning.  We will visit him next morning.
7. When we looked out of our tent, we saw a big snake sleeping near the fire.
look out“向外看”,若表示“向外看某物”用look out at sth. 若表示“向……外看”用look out of。
Don’t look out of the window in class.
look out还可以表示“小心”,“对……小心”用look out for
Look out for the coming bus.
8. I was so scared that I couldn’t move. (P. 71)
scared用作形容词,表示“惊慌的、吓怕的”,常用的搭配为:be scared of害怕……;be scared to do sth.害怕做某事。
He was scared of snakes.
The little girl is scared to cross the road.
9. We shouted to our parents to let them know about the danger. (P. 71)
shout to sb.意为“对某人大声叫喊”,shout at则表示“因为生气或者愤怒而大喊”。

We shouted to the driver, but he didn’t hear us.
Don’t shout at me.
10. My dad started to jump and down in their tent. (P. 71)
start后常接名词、动词不定式或者动名词作宾语,用法相当于begin。
When shall we start the meeting?
Let’s start discussing/to discuss about the next problem.
11. This woke the snake up and it moved into the forest near the lake. (P. 71)
wake作不及物动词,表示“醒来”,常同up连用。。
                     《七年级英语下册Unit12Whatdidyoudolastweekend短语语法知识点汇总新版人教新目标版2018091.电脑版点击下载文档可以下载此文章》

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