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人教版英语八年级上册第三单元短语语法知识点总结

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发表于 2020-7-7 15:00:04 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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人教,版,英语,八年级,上册,第三,单元,短语,Unit 3 I’m more outgoing than my sister
一、词组、短语:

01. more outgoing 更外向/更开朗,
02. as...as...与……一样,
03. the singing competition 歌咏比赛,
04. the most important最重要的,
05. be talented in music  在音乐方面有天赋,
06. the same as与……相同
07. care about 关心/留意/关注,
08. be different from与…不同,
09. be like a mirror 像一面镜子,            
10. as long as与…一样长,
11. bring out显示/显出/生产/带来,
12. get better grade取得好成绩,
13. reach for伸手达到/达到
14. touch one’s heart 感动,
15. in fact 事实上,
16. make friends交朋友,
17. be good at 在某方面成绩好,
18. the other另一个,
19. be similar to 对…熟悉,           
20. be good with与…和睦相处

二、重要句子:
01. Sam has longer hair than Tom. 萨姆的头发比汤姆的长。02. She also sings more loudly than Tara. 她唱歌也比泰拉声音大。03. Nelly sang so well. 内莉唱得如此好。04. For me, a good friend likes to do the same things as me.对于我来说,好朋友喜欢跟我做相同的事情。
05. Who is smarter, your mother or your father ? 谁更聪明,你妈妈还是你爸爸。06. It’s not necessary to be the same. 没有必要相同。07. I think a good friend makes me laugh. 我认为好朋友会让我笑。08. Molly studies harder than her best friend. 莫莉比她更好的朋友学习更努力。
09. My mother told me a good friend is like a mirror.我妈妈告诉我好朋友就像一面镜子。10. So we enjoy studying together. 因此我们喜欢在一起学习。
11. So it’s not easy for me to make friends. 因此对我来说交朋友不容易。12. We both like sports. 我们两个都喜欢运动。13. My best friend helps to bring out the best in me.我最好的朋友帮我把最好的方面发掘出来。14. Larry is much less hard-working, so I always get better grades.拉里不如我用功,因此我总是取得更好的成绩。15. Huang Lei isn’t as good at tennis as Larry. 黄磊不如拉里擅长网球。 16.I’m shy so it’s not easy for me to make friends.  我很害羞所以交朋友对我来说并不容易。


1. have fun doing sth.  享受做某事的乐趣
2. want to do sth.  想要做某事
3. as + 形容词或副词的原级 + as  与…一样…  
4. be good at doing sth 擅长做某事
5. make sb. do sth. 让某人做某事
6. It’s+ adj + for sb. to do sth对某人来说,做某事是…的

语法:
Is Tom smarter than Sam? 汤姆比萨姆更聪明吗。
No,he isn’t. Sam is smarter than Tom. 不是,萨姆比汤姆更聪明。

Is Tara more outgoing than Tina? Tara比Tina更开朗吗。
No, she isn’t. Tina is more outgoing than Tara. 不是,Tina比Tara更开。

Are you as friendly as your sister? 你与你的姐姐一样友好吗。
No, I’m not. I’m friendlier.不是,我更友好。

Does Tara work as hard as Tina? Tara与Tina一样学习认真吗。 Yes, she does.是的。

Who’s more hardworking at school?在学校谁更勤奋。
Tina thinks she works harder than me. Tina认为她比我更努力。
四、词语辨析
laugh v. & n. 笑
We all laughed loudly when she made a joke. 她说了个笑话,我们都大声笑起来。

We all laughed at his joke. 听了他的笑话我们都笑起来。

He laughs best who laughs last. 谁笑在最后,谁笑得最好。/不要高兴得太早。
(与at连用)嘲笑
Don’t laugh at him. 别嘲笑他。
People have often laughed at stories told by seamen. 人们常常嘲笑海员所讲的故事。
Everyone laughed at his foolish antics. 大家都笑他那种愚蠢的滑稽动作。

笑;笑声   We had a good laugh at his joke. 我们被他的笑话逗得哈哈大笑。

though conj. 虽然;纵然;即使;尽管 = although
Though it was raining,he went there. 虽然当时正下着雨,他还是到那里去了。
Though he was poor he was happy. 虽然他很穷却很快乐。
注意:不能受汉语的影响,在though引导的从句后使用but。如:
Though he was poor,but he was happy.(误)
though  adv.. 不过,可是,然而,常用于句末,用逗号隔开。
Jim said that he would come, he didn’t , though.
语法讲解:
形容词与副词的比较级
1.规则变化单音节词和少数双音节词,加词尾-er,-est来构成比较级和最高级。
构成法
原级
比较级
最高级
一般单音节词末尾加-er,-est
tall(高的)
great(巨大的)
taller
greater
tallest
greatest
以不发音的e结尾的单音节词和少数以-le结尾的双音节词只加-r,-st
nice(好的)
large(大的)
nicer
larger
nicest
largest
以一个辅音字母结尾的闭音节单音节词,双写结尾的辅音字母,再加-er,-est
big(大的)
hot(热的)
bigger
hotter
biggest
hottest
“以辅音字母+y”结尾的双音节词,改y为i,再加-er, -est
easy(容易的)
busy(忙的)
easier
busier
easiest
busiest
少数以-er,-ow结尾的双音节词末尾加-er,-est
clever(聪明的)
narrow(窄的)
cleverer
narrower
cleverest
narrowest
其他双音节词和多音节词,在前面加more,most来构成比较级和最高级
important(重要的)
easily(容易地)
more important
more easily
most important
most easily
2.不规则变化
原级
比较级
最高级
good(好的)well(健康的)
better
best
bad(坏的)ill(有病的)
worse
worst
old(老的)
older/elder
oldest/eldest
1. Peter likes to do the same things as me. 彼得喜欢和我做一样的事情。My best friend Larry is quite different from me. 我最好的朋友拉里和我很不一样。


(1)the same as...意为“与……相同”。例如:My birthday is the same as Tom’s. 我的生日与汤姆的一样。I have the same school bag as yours. 我有一个和你一样的书包。


(2)different from...意为“和……不一样”,是the same as...的反义词组。
Lucy is different from Lily. 露西与莉莉不一样。[拓展] difference 意为“不同;不用之处”,可做可数名词,也可用作不可数名词。例如:There is no difference between the twins.那对双胞胎长得一模一样。

There are some differencesbetween Tom and Bob.①Life in the country is quite _______ that in the city.A. the same B. different from C. full of  same as ②Is your pen _______ Jim’s?  as  same  same with  same as③ There is not much _______ (different) in price between the two coats. ④ 我的妹妹和我不一样。My sister _______ _______ _______ me.
both like sports. 我们两个都喜欢运动。
They are both tall. 他们两个都高。 (助后行前)both 表示两者都, neither 表示两者都不。
both of/neither of 表示“两者都/都不”。例如:They both are students.= Both of them are students. 他们两个都是学生。The girls both like English.=Both of the girls like English. 这两个女孩都喜欢英语。Neither of them is a 电脑版点击下载文档可以下载此文章tor. 他们两个都不是医生。① There are lots of colorful flowers on _______ sides of the streets.    ② What are your parents?They all  both  are  are③Li Lei and Li Ming black  both  have  both  has④Both of them are 电脑版点击下载文档可以下载此文章tors.(改为否定句)_______ _______ them _______ a 电脑版点击下载文档可以下载此文章tor.
Lei isn’t asgood at tennis as Larry. 黄磊不如拉里擅长网球。as...as 与一样not as/so...as 不如中间加形容词或副词的原级。
例如:He is as tall as Tom. 他跟汤姆一样高。She isn’t as outgoing as her sister. 她不如她的姐姐外向。
。                     《人教版英语八年级上册第三单元短语语法知识点总结.电脑版点击下载文档可以下载此文章》

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