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2017-2018最新人教版初中初三九年级英语第七单元unit7语法(4页)备课教案

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发表于 2020-7-7 09:40:58 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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2017-2018,最新,人教,版,初中,初,三九,年级,英语,Unit7 Teenagers should be allowed to choose their own clothe 知识点.
一、重点短语
1. talk back  顶嘴          2. go to the shopping centre 去购物中心
3. be worried about 为…担心      4. have part-time jobs  做兼职工作
5. get one’s ears pierced 打耳洞     6. be excited about 对… 感到兴奋
7. take lots of photos 拍许多照片     8. by my side  在我身边
9. through the filed 穿过田间      10. make sure 确信
11. give sb. a hug 给某人一个拥抱    12. keep… from… 使… 避开…
13. agree with sb. 赞同某人       14. listen to sb. 听某人说
15. learn… from… 向…学习…      16. manage one’s own life 应付自己的生活
17. make one’s own decisions 自己做决定 18. how much  多么
19. keep off 关闭           20. end up 结束
21. be serious about 认真对待      22. care about  关心
23. in the end  最后          24. get in way of  挡...的路;妨碍
25. be strict with sb 对某人要求严格     26. be strict in sth  对某事要求严格
27. make this choice 做出这个选择    28. achieve/realize one’s dream 实现梦想
29. Keep …away from... 使…远离…
二、用法
1. be allowed to do sth. 被允许做某事   2. allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事
3. allow doing  允许做某事        4. what to do  做什么
5. should do sth. 应该做某事      6. need to do sth. 需要做某事
7. hurt oneself  伤到自己        8. give sth. to sb. 把某物给某人
9. stop doing sth. 停止做某事      10. have a chance to do /of doing sth有机会做某事
11. get sth. done  使某事被做      12. regret doing sth. 后悔做某事
13. practice doing sth. 练习做某事     14. take care of oneself 照顾自己
15. continue to do sth. 继续做某事     16. love doing sth. 喜欢做某事
17. start doing sth.  开始做某事     18. spend more time on sth.在某事上费更多时间
19. reply to sb. = answer sb. 回答、答复   20. be excited about doing sth. 对做某事感到兴奋
21. have nothing against doing sth. 不反对做某事
22. have / take +时间+off   休息多长时间
23. learn a lot from each other 相互学到很多知识
24. on school nights/Friday nights在上学日子里的晚上/星期五晚上
1.语态:
①英语有两种语态:主动语态和补动语态 
主动语态表示是动作的执行者
被动语态表示主语是动作的承受者 
Cats  eat  fish.   (主动语态)猫吃鱼。

Fish is eaten by cats. (被动语态)鱼被猫吃。
②被动语态的构成
由“助动词be +及物动词的过去分词”构成
助动词be 有人称、数和时态的变化,其变化规则与be 作为连系动词时完全一样。

时态
被动语态结构
例句
一般现在 时
am
are +过去分词
is
English is spoken in many countries.
一般过去 时
was +过去分词
were + 过去分词
This bridge was built in 1989.
情 态
动 词
can/should
may +be+过去分词
must/……
The work must be done right now.
③被动语态的用法
当我们不知道谁是动作的执行者,或者没有必要指出谁是动作的执行者,或者只需强调动作的承受者时,要用被动语态。

2. allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事(主动语态)如:
Mother allows me to watch TV every night. 妈妈允许我每晚看电视。
be allowed to do sth. 被允许做某事(被动语态)如:
LiLy is allowed to go to Qinzhou. 莉莉被允许去钦州。
3. get their ears pierced 穿耳洞
让/使(别人)做某事  get sth. done(过去分词)
have sth. done    如:
I get my car made. == I have my car made. 我让别人修好我的车
4. enough 足够 
形容词+enough 如:beautiful enough 足够漂亮
enough+名词 如:enough food 足够食物
enough to  足够…去做… 如:
I have enough money to go to Beijing. 我有足够的钱去北京。
She is old enough to go to school.她够大去读书了。
5. stop doing sth. 停止做某事 Please stop speaking.请停止说话。
stop to do sth. 停止下来去做某事 Please stop to speak.
请停下来说话。

6. 看起来好像…sb. seem to do sth.
it seems that +从句
He seems to feel very sad.
It seems that he feels very sad. 他看起来好像很伤心。
7. 系动词不能独立作谓语,要和表语一起构成谓语。
常用的连系动词有:look, feel, be, become, get, turn, smell, taste, stay(保持), kept等。连系动词除be 和become 等少数词可接名词作表语外,一般都是接形容词。 如:
They are very happy.  He became a 电脑版点击下载文档可以下载此文章tor two years ago.
She felt very tired.
8. 倒装句:
由so+助动词(be/do/will/have)/情态动词+主语 意为:…也是一样
She is a student. So am I. 她是一个学生,我也是。
She went to school just now. So did I . 她刚才去学校了,我也是
She has finished the work. So have I . 她已经完成了工作,我也完成了。

She will go to school. So will he. 她将去学校,他也是。
9. yet 仍然,还 常用在否定句或疑问句当中
10. stay up 熬夜如:I often stay up until
12:00pm.我经常熬夜到12点。

11. clean up 打扫 整理 如:
I have cleaned up the bedroom. 我已经打扫完了卧室。
12. 程度副词:
always总是 usually经常 sometimes有时 never从不
如:I am always/usually/sometimes/never late for school.
我总是/经常/有时/从不上学迟到。

13. 曾经做某事: 
Do you ever get to school late? Yes, I do. No, I don’t.
Have you ever got to school late? Yes, I have. No, I haven’t.
14. go shopping(去购物), go fishing(去钓鱼), go swimming(去游泳), go boating(去划船), go hiking(去登山), go trekking(去徒步)
15. be strict with sb. 对某人严厉 如:
Mother is strict with her son. 妈妈对她的儿子很严厉。。                     《2017-2018最新人教版初中初三九年级英语第七单元unit7语法(4页)备课教案教学设计教学反思导学案.电脑版点击下载文档可以下载此文章》

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