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八年级英语语法聚焦

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发表于 2020-7-7 08:47:45 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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八年级,英语,语法,聚焦,再识,形容词,和,副词,再识形容词和副词的比较级和最高级
我们已经在上册第
3、4单元学习了形容词和副词的比较级和最高级的构成及基本用法。下面我们进一步学习与其相关的其他知识点。
◆形容词和副词比较级的修饰语
1. 比较级前可加much (非常;更加;很),a lot (很;非常),far (非常;远远地),a bit (有点;一点),a little (一点),any (一点儿),even (甚至;还),still (还要;更)等词修饰。
如:
The sun is much bigger than the earth.
They will come back a little later.
Are you feeling any better today?
You know even less about it than I do.
2. 比较级前还可加表示数量的词。如:
He is 2 cm taller than his father.
I arrived five minutes earlier than you.
The tiger weighs many times more than the cat.
(该句中time意为“倍”;表达“两倍”用twice,表达“三倍及三倍以上”用“基数词+times”,如four times)
◆形容词最高级的其他用法
1. 形容词最高级可被second, third等序数词修饰。如:
The Yellow River is the second longest in China.
2. 形容词最高级常用于句型“one of + the + 形容词最高级 +可数名词的复数形式”,意为“最……之一”。
如:
Nick is one of the cleverest boys in his class.
◆形容词、副词比较级和最高级可以互相转换。如:
Jenny is cleverer than the other girls / any other girl in her class. = Jenny is the cleverest of all the girls in her class.
Joe runs faster than the other boys / any other boy in the club. = Joe runs (the) fastest of all the boys in the club.

【运用】
Ⅰ. 单项选择
1. —The picture is, I have to say, not a bit beautiful.
—Why? It’s ________ than the pictures I have ever seen.
A. far more beautiful     B. much less beautiful
C. no more beautiful  D. any less beautiful
(2017江苏苏州)
2. —What do you think of receiving and giving gifts?
—I think the art of receiving a gift is ________ than the art of giving.
A. much more difficult  B. very more difficult
C. much difficult  D. as difficult as
(2017四川内江)
3. —Do you know that China is one of ________ countries in the world?
—Yes, I do. It’s much ________ than the US.
A. oldest; older          B. the oldest; older
C. the oldest; elder   D. the older; elder
(2017 湖北黄冈)
4. Alex did the project on community service ________ better than his classmates.
A. so   B. very  
C. too   D. much
(2017上海)
Ⅱ. 完成句子,每空一词。

1. 我哥哥在我家第二高。

My brother is _________ _________ _________ in my family.
2. 这袋苹果比那袋苹果重1千克。
This bag of apples is _________ _________ _________ _________ that bag of apples.
3. 这个湖是那个湖的三倍大。
This lake is _________ _________ _________ _________ that lake.

答案
Ⅰ. 1-4 AABD
Ⅱ. 1. the second tallest  2. one kilo heavier than  3. three times bigger than。                     《八年级英语语法聚焦.电脑版点击下载文档可以下载此文章》

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