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湖北省武汉市2019届高三二月调研测试英语试题 二月英文

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<现在开始正题了哦,认真仔细看下面正文文章> 武汉市2019届高中毕业生二月调研测试 英语试卷 武汉市教育科学研究院命制    本试题卷共14页,全卷满分150分。考试用时120分钟。 注意事项: 1. 答卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在试题卷和答题卡上,并将准考证 号条形码粘贴在答题卡上的指定位置。 2019.2.28 2. 选择题的作答:每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂 黑。
如需改动,用橡皮檫干净后,再选涂其它答案标号。
答在试题卷、草稿纸上无效。
3. 完成句子和短文写作题的作答,用0.5毫米黑色墨水签字笔A接答在答题卡上对 应的答题区域内。答在试题卷、草稿紙上无效。
4. 考生必须保持答题卡的整洁。考试结束后,请将本试题卷和答题卡一并上交。
第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)做题时,先将答案划在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你 将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。
  第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分5分) 听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最 佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。
听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小 题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
例:How much is the shirt? A.  19.15. B.   9.15.  答案:B  ·1·  C.  9.18.  
1. What does the man think of the exams? A. Easy. B. Difficult. C. No trouble. 2 What do we know about the man? A He ’ s got a best hearing aid. B. He has hearing problem. C. He has lots of money. 3. What does the man mean? A. He is always busy. B. He likes the woman’ s office. C. He picks up a lot of phone calls for her. 4. Who does the man buy some shoes for? A. For himself. B. For the old. C. For his parent. 5. What' s the weather like today? A. Rainy. B. Foggy. C. Fine. 第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分) 听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个 选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置D听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各 个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两 遍。 听第6段材料,回答第

6、7题。
6. Who are the speakers? A. Children. 7. Where are they? A. On the rides. B. In a cable car. C. At an amusement park.  听第7段材料,回答第

8、9题。 ·2· B. Adults. C. Youngsters.
8. Which bus does the man tell the woman to take? A. No. 653. B. No. 353. C. No. 253. 9. What is the man going to do? A. To take the woman to the museum. B. To go in the Same direction, C. To catch the bus too. ,听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。 10. What should one do to join this library? A. Show some kind of identification. B. Write down one’s name and address. C. Give one’ s address. 11. What does the woman want to do with some books? A. Borrow them for her husband. B. Just join the library. C. Read them on holiday. 12. What finally helps the woman to solve the problem? A. Her driving license. B. Her bank book. 听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。 C. Her passport.  many times have the speakers met the problem this week?  A. Four. B. Five. C. Six. 14. What time should the woman get to the office? A. At
8:50. B. At
9:00. C. At
9: 10. 15. How does the man feel in the heavy traffic? A. Worried. B. Annoyed. C. Calm. 16. How will the woman probably go the next day? A. Take the subway. B. Leave home earlier. C. Change a car.  听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. Who took the speaker to join the basketball team? A. Grandmother. B. Mother. ·3· C. Father.
18. What do we know about the speaker? A. The speaker is a girl. B. The speaker is professional. C. The speaker was born a basketball player. 19. How does the speaker feel? A. Dislikes the girls team. B. Misses the boys team. C. Plays the game all the life. 20. What does the speaker suggest? A. Going out and play basketball. B. Joining basketball teams. C Shooting some hoops. 第二部分:词汇知识运用(共两节,满分30分) 第一节:多项选择(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 从A、B、C、D四顿项中,选出可以空白处的最髓项,并在答题卡上将麵涂黑 例:To make members of a team perform better, the trainer first of all has to know their ______and weaknesses. A. strengths 答案:A , tone, _____ and vocabulary can affect the ability of a language learner to understand or to be understood. A. whistle B. translation C. fluency D, experience B. benefits C. techniques D. values  most people, getting on in life, winning _____, saving a bit, going on a better holiday, buying a car, purchasing a home, giving the children a better start 一 all these are natural aims. A. promotion B. victory C. sympathy D. reputation  now, the government should adopt a far more _____approach to push the state ‘ s economy forward. ·4·
A. dynamic B. apparent C. desperate D. previous  work and selfless _____aid continues, which helps deliver needed equipments to the disaster area. A. conventional B. voluntary C, unusual D. remarkable  Mexico, dining is more than a meal. It’ s a social occasion — lunches are _____ quick and suppers can last for hours. A. obviously B. frequently C, rarely D. usually  Government' s proposal is welcome, but it only  _____ the surface of the problem. A. reaches B. possesses C. influences D. scratches , I didn' t _____to take a taxi but I had to as I was late. A. suppose B. mean C. assume D. hope  Disneyland every year, some 800,000 plants are replaced because Disneyland refused to  _____signs asking his "guests" not to step on them. A, put down B. put out C. put off D. put up 29. If appearance did not count, why would people  _____ for such interviews  — even if the job they are hoping to get is dressed down? A. stay up B, hold up C. pick up D. dress up g an adult Mr. or Ms. signals the adult’s authority. When a kid uses a grown-up’ s title, it shows that the adult is _____ A. in common B. in turn C. in charge D. in height 第二节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白 处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 The Johnson family from England believe they are lucky to be alive after surviving an incredible incident off the coast of Australia. The Johnsons had been 31_____ that they might see some ·5·
whales when they were 32_____ a yacht — a large expensive boat for a 10-day sailing 33_____ around the Whitsunday Islands. 34_____, they had no clue just how 35_____ their viewing would be. Two hours into their journey a nine-meter-long humpback whale 36_____ out of the ocean and crashed into their boat before returning to the water. Mark Johnson,the eldest son,was sailing the yacht when he heard an immense bang and a thud(重击声).He 37_____ thought the yacht had hit a rock. However, when he looked up, he saw the whale 38_____ down the deck of the boat. He told the reporters, “ We were staring into its right eye. It was a very 39_____ moment. The eye was about the 40_____ of a dinner plate. It was huge.“ 41_____ for the Johnson family, no one was hurt, but the yacht suffered 42 damage. The whale had ruined the mast and rigging — the pole and ropes which hold the 43_____ ——and so the family was left 44_____ at sea, 10 miles from the shore. The 45_____ equipment was also damaged, but fortunately they had a cell phone and were able to call for help. Why the whale jumped onto the yacht is a 46_____ ,but the family thinks that maybe the boat had not 47_____ sailed between the whale and its baby calf. Perhaps the whale was trying to 48_____ its calf when it jumped, hit the yacht by chance. Whatever the reason, people are completely 49_____ that this incident happened. There is over 135 million square miles of ocean ’ so what are the 50_____ of a whale jumping onto a 30-foot-long yacht? The chance of something like this happening is miniscule, but it just shows that life is full of surprises. ·6·
31. A. explained 32. A. hiring 33. A. competition 34. A. Moreover 35. A. wide 36. A. swam 37. A. suddenly 38. A. shooting 39. A. exciting 40. A. size 41. A. Certainly 42. A. severe 43. A. boat 44. A. by all means 45. A. radio 46. A. problem 47. A. carefully 48. A. see 49. A. amazed 50. A. marvels  B. B. B. B. B, B. B. B. B. B. B, B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. learned running game Nevertheless close leapt occasionally jumping surprising sample Luckily extreme beach in no time craft mystery surely touch worried chances C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. told taking trail Worthwhile vivid slipped immediately falling frightening range Definitely actual sail from then on edition suspect deliberately tend interested predictions D D, D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D, D. D. ,taught .driving  trip However tense stretched accidentally sliding astonishing scale Possibly special journey with no way compass question simply reach touched results 第三部分:阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分) 阅读下列短文,从每篇短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A London has always been known for its "black fogs. “ In the winter of 1952,a milky white fog rolled into the city. As the smoke poured into the air, it was so hard to see that people had to walk in front of the ·7·
buse to guide them. In this way, the most serious air pollution disaster in history began. When it was over, more than 4,000 people had been killed by the thick black smog. New York City has had several London-type smogs since 1950. Each time, there were from 100 to 400 deaths caused by the smog. Although these smogs were not as deadly as London’ s, New York City has the worst air pollution problem in the United States. In all the killer smogs, factories and homes poured smoke and fumes into the air from the furnaces. The chemical fumes combined with the water droplets in the fog to form harmful substances. These substances caused the illness of those who breathed the polluted air. Usually, such harmful fumes rise into the upper air and are blown away by the wind. But sometimes there is an unusual weather condition called a temperature inversion. A layer of cold air remains near the ground as smoke and fumes pour into it. This is covered by an upper layer of warm air that acts like a lid. It prevents the polluted cooler air from rising. The harmful fumes pile up and make people ill. The smog may be so thick that airports are closed and chains of collisions occur on the highways. Another type of smog occurs in Los Angeles. Here the weather may be clear and sunny. But stinging eyes and dry coughs show that harmful chemicals fill the air. The smog is due to invisible gases, mostly from automobile exhaust. Because these chemicals are changed by the sun high up in the air, it is called photochemical smog. It contains automobile exhaust fumes and nitrogen oxides changed by the sun's rays. Added to these are sulfur dioxide and other fumes from factories and oil refineries. Photochemical smog is found in many large cities all over the world. Killer smogs don,t happen very often, fortunately. But in Beijing, a combination of automobile exhaust fumes, home furnace smoke, and factory waste gases pours into the air. This may also happen in the suburbs, or out in the country, where large factories have been built. A number of harmful substances have been found in the air there. When these substances are breathed in day after day the health of the ,population is affected. 51. Why do people call this phenomenon " black fog" 。 A. It is black and dirty. C. It can kill people. B. It can affect the health. D. It is too thick for people to see something. 52. What can reduce the air pollution according to the passage? ·8·
A. Water. B. Wind. C. The sun. D. Cold air.  photochemical smog happens in the city, _____. A. many people will be killed C. the weather may be fine B. black smoke may pour into the air D. people have to walk to work  the passage we know that the most serious black smog disaster took place in_____ A, London B. New York C. Los Angeles B There are some new drivers going back to school. Teens who have recently gotten their driver's licenses may be taking the wheel to drive to school this fall. However, parents fear when their teen starts driving. And it turns out that such parental fears are justified—so it's worth reviewing how to keep your teen safe while he or she is behind the wheel. Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death in U. S. teens. Drivers 16 to 19 years old are at the greatest risk for crashes. In fact, their risk is 4 times greater than for older drivers. The teens at the greatest risk are those who are male, those carrying other teenage passengers in the car, and those still in their first year of driving. Nearly 50 percent of teen deaths related to automobile crashes happen on Fridays ’ Saturdays ’ or Sundays between the hours of 3 p. m. and midnight. Why are teens at higher risk for motor vehicle crashes? Development. Teens haven * t completely matured mentally and have greater risk-taking behaviors, possibly because they tend to underestimate the risk associated with a particular behavior. Teens also have a greater tendency to speed and to drive too close to the cars in front of them. No seatbelts. Teens have the lowest rate of seatbelt use among all driving groups. Alcohol. At least 25 percent of motor vehicle deaths in teens are related to alcohol use. Technological distractions (分散注意力).Cell phones, textingMP3 players, and the like can all distract ,D. Beijing drivers greatlyand who more than teenagers? 一Be aware of your teen ’ s driving practices and discuss safe driving habits when opportunities present themselves. Check out the applications and devices now available for restricting your teen ,s use of technology while driving. Some applications alert you to when your teen is texting while the vehicle is moving. Another device blocks incoming and outgoing texts when the car is running—incoming messages ·9·
get an automatic reply ( e. g, " I ’ m driving right now"),and phone calls go directly to voicemail. You can also get notifications if your teen tries to shut off the program. There are also GPS programs that let you know your new driver' s whereabouts at all times. All in all, you can't be too cautious when teaching your teen how to be safe on the road. 55. What factor is least related to the teen drivers’ high risks of crashes? A. Driver age. B. Passenger gender. C. Driving experience. D. Driving time. 56. Teens probably turn away their attention from driving when they are_____. A. using no seatbelts C. carrying passengers B. drinking water ,D. answering cell phones 57. According to the passage, which should be prevented during teens' driving? A. Texting. B. GPS programs. C. Automated replies. D. Voicemail.  author=writes the last paragraph in order to_____. A. offer parents practical suggestions B. summarize teen' s driving practices C. advocate different driving habits C You may want to think twice after posting a new photo or update to your Facebook profile. That’ s because new research has found that social media use can lower some users ,sense of self-control over their lives. The research, which will be published in the Journal of Consumer Research, was based on the responses of 541 Facebook users in the United States. "Using online social networks can have a positive effect on self-esteem(自尊)and well- being, However, these increased feelings of self-worth can have a damaging effect on behavior,” said researchers Keith Wilcox of Columbia University and Andrew Stephen of the University of Pittsburgh. ” Because consumers care about the image they present to close friends,social network use enhances self-esteem in users who are focused on close friends while searching for , information on their social network. This momentary  increase in self-esteem, leads them to display less self-control after looking through a social network." In other words, social media users had more self-esteem after using networks like Facebook. However, that momentary improvement in self-esteem lowered their self-control and led them to do what they want, ·10·
even if this is not good for them . In particular, the researchers found that social media users were more likely to do too much drinking and eating and have a higher body-mass index. Frequent Facebook users also were more likely to have certain financial problems,including a lower credit score and higher levels of debt. The researchers tied these feelings to the observation that social media users are less likely to exhibit modesty on their profiles, since feedback is not immediate. “These results are concerning given the increased time people spend using social networks,as well as the worldwide proliferation of access to social networks anywhere ,anytime via smartphones and other small devices," Wilcox and Stephen wrote. “ Given that self-control is important for maintaining social order and personal health and happiness, this unnoticeable effect could have widespread impact. This is particularly true for adolescents and young adults who are the heaviest users of social networks and have grown up using social networks as a normal part of their daily lives.“ 59. When may social media users lower their self-control? A. Before browsing networks. B. While scanning networks. B. While eating too much. D. After using networks.  word " enhance" (in Para. 2) means "_____". A. improve B. lower C. damage D. benefit 61. What quality are social media user most likely to show? A. Self-control. C. Self-esteem B. Self-confidence. D. Self-discipline. ing to the writer, Facebook can make you_____. A. slim and rich    B. fat and poor    C. slim and poor    D. fat and rich D    Modern Japan is proud of many technological wonders : robot dogs that run and bark creative household appliances that make everyday life easier, and computers that make complex problems almost childishly simple. But when it comes to which invention is the best, the Japanese may not be thinking with their heads or their hearts, but their stomachs. They named instant noodles the best invention of the 20th century. As for life-changing technology, that came in at No.
2: karaoke. ·11·
The admittedly non-scientific survey by the Fuji Research Institute attached to Tokyo University asked 2,000 adults in the Tokyo region to rate the greatest inventions of the 20th century in three categories :manufactured goods, culture and technology. Respondents were asked to take into consideration worldwide acceptance of the various customs and inventions. An astonishing 692 placed instant noodles, an Japanese “ invention" in 1958,at the top of the list. Instant noodles went into commercial production in 1971, and almost 50 billion cups are now consumed each year worldwide. In 1996, a giant billboard of a steaming cup of noodles was set up above Times Square in New York City, a proud declaration of the place "ramen" has earned in world cuisine(烹妊) Headphone stereo sets, TV video games CDs and cameras came in order respectively. They were ,ranked behind instant noodles and off-key howling. Known as ” Poketto Monsters" ("Pocket MonstersM ) in Japan Pikachu and his popular little friends came in at No. 8. In view of practicality, automobile-related ,technology came in at No. 9 —automobiles themselves, invented overseas, were not ranked at all. Sushi perhaps the original fast food in Japan, rounded out the top list. While the Fuji Institute’s survey may not have been the most scientific, it does suggest one thing :,technology may rule the world, but at least in Tokyo ? it begins and ends with the tastebuds(味蕾) 63. Instant noodles were considered the best invention of the 20th century in terms of_____ A. practicality B. acceptance C. technology D. commerce  underlined part in Para 3 "off-key howling" probably refers to_____. A. Pokemon B. automobiles C. Pikachu D. karaoke ing to the survey, which was ranked the last on the list of the best inventions?  A. cameras C. Sushi 66. What' s the best title for the passage? A. Noodles, the Best Invention B. The Life-changing Technology B. CDs D. automobile-related technology C Japan ,the Powerful Country                             D Wonders of Japan E Americans are most likely to say the price of energy, the price of food, taxes, and healthcare costs are hurting their family ‘s finances a lot or a little, out of a list of nine economic issues. Americans appear ·12·
relatively unaffected by the availability of credit or immigration policies.  These results are from a Jan.21-22 Gallup poll(民意调查) In addition to energy,food,taxes,and healthcare,the federal debt ceiling is the only other situation that more than half of Americans say is hurting them financially. This relatively high level of negativity about the debt ceiling is partly due to the views of Republicans, 74% of whom say it is hurting their finances, compared with 54% of independents and 48% of Democrats(民主党人). Americans with incomes under $$ 24,000 a year rate the direct costs of food ,energy, and ·13·
healthcare as most hurtful to their family’s finances. Those with incomes of $$90,000 or more have a slightly different rank order, rating energy prices as most hurtful, followed by taxes, healthcare costs, and then food prices. The availability of credit and federal spending cuts are less hurtful to those with high incomes than to those with low incomes. On the other hand, high-income Americans are more likely to view government regulations as harmful to their family finances. ing to the poll, what is hurting American family’ s finances most?  A. The price of food. C. Healthcare costs. B. Taxes. D. The price of energy.  income group is more likely to see healthcare costs as hurting a lot? A. Under $$24,000. C. $$60,000 to $$90,000. B. $$24,000 to $$60,000. D. $$90,000 +. 69. Which economic issue has the equally negative effect on the finance of American’s family with high incomes? A. Government regulations. C. Immigration policies. B. Federal spending cuts. D. The availability of credit. 70. Suppose you were a teacher with an income of $$50,000, which of the following would you mostly like to be changed? A. The price of energy. C. Immigration policies. B. The price of food. D. The availabilities of credit. 第四部分:书面表达(共两节,满分50分)  第一节:完成句子(共10小题;每小题2分,满分20分) 阅读下列各小题,根据所给的汉语提示,用句末括号内的英语单词完成句子,并将答 案写在答题卡上的相应题号后。 例:We_____(起床)before dawn. It was still dark outside. ( get) 我们天亮前就起床了。外面仍然很黑 答案:got up  ·14·
_____,you can enjoy yourself in the Food Festival, (taste) 有如此多的食物品尝,在这次美食节上你可以好好享受一番了。
72. _____can also help improve your oral English. (listen) 多听也有助于你提高英语口语水平。  1991 Ranulph Fiennes published " The Feather Men”,the non-fiction book_____ (base ) 这部影片是以1991年兰奴夫费因斯发表的小说《羽人》为基础而改编的。  a policeman I find_____,drugs are always behind it. (violence) 作为一名警察我发现,哪里有暴力,后面总是有毒品。 _____it when I heard the news yesterday that more than 100 people were killed in the air crash, (believe) . 昨天当我听说有100多人在飞机失事中丧生的消息时,我简直无法相信。  is the first time in Olympic history that five mascots _____ . ( choose) 这是奥挪匹克历史上第一次选出了五个吉祥物。 _____the accuracy of the data, they stuck to their opinion, (convince) 深信数据准确无误,他们坚持自己的意见。
  is high time that_____ the disagreement and focus on the subject, (set) 双方是时候把分歧放到一边,专注到这个主题上来。  dreaming up getting _____and get down to your work, (belong) 不要幻想得到不属于你的东西,赶紧开始干活吧。 80. Jody Williams also worked hard to make_____ as possible agreenot to use landmines, (country)  乔迪威廉斯还努力使尽可能多的国家同意不使用地雷 第二节:短文写作(共1题;满分30分) 请根据以下提示,结合你的生活,就在青年中开展志愿者活动这一话题,用英语写一 篇短文。
Volunteers believe that some of the happiest people in the world are those who help to bring happiness to others. 注意:①开头已给出,无须写标题,不得照抄英语提示语; ②除诗歌外,文体不限; ③内容必须结合生活中的一个事例; ·15·
④文中不得透漏个人姓名和学校名称; ⑤词数为120左右。 In recent years, the volunteering spirit has spread among the Chinese people, especially_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________  16· ·
·17·
二月英文
。                     《湖北省武汉市2019届高三二月调研测试英语试题 二月英文.电脑版点击下载文档可以下载此文章168资源分享社区》

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